Ocean Forests Implementation Resources
Getting Ocean Forests to completely replace fossil fuels and reverse climate change requires many disciplines, many geographies, hundreds of technologies, some of which are mentioned below. Ocean Forests won the “Best New Concept” Award in the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) 2016 Innovation Contest for Big Picture Resilience via Ocean Forests, which presents a possible schedule of goals:
2030 Integrate coastal defense with food-water-energy producing ecosystems
2040 2040 Recover 90% of “waste” resources
2050 Grow more food with less fresh water than 10 billion people need
2060 2060 Replace 100% of global oil and gas demand
2 2100 Eliminate excess ocean acidity
2200 Reduce atmospheric CO2 concentration below 350 ppm
Ocean Foresters also submitted other entries, providing supplementary information:
The Big Picture … presentation: migrate toward rising seas, no retreat
The Big Picture … handout: readiness of the component technologies
Public-Private Coastal Resilience Innovating: regional partnerships for regional infrastructure
Complete Resource Recovery: C, N, P, K, & metals: technologies, status, costs, contacts
Designing Water Law for Future Innovation: expiring “rights” enables new technologies
Incentive-for-Performance: Leaping the “Valley of Death”: low public risk enables grants
Many of the coastal restoration concepts in Ocean Foresters’ entries for the ASCE contest are extensions of Haven Atolls. Haven Atolls would keep coral reef ecosystems healthy and growing faster than sea level rise for a thousand years.
Haven Atolls: Fiji and Kiribati in this version
Sustainable Fertilisers and Biofuels from Overabundant Seaweeds for Pacific Islands, N'Yeurt, et al., International Seaweed Symposium 2016.
New Approaches to Scalable Ocean Cultivation, Harvest, and Processing of Macroalgae for Energy, Chemicals, Feed, and Food, report of February 2016 ARPA-E conference showing how seaweed integrated with aquaculture can produce energy, chemicals, feed, and food.
Managed Seaweed Forests with Nutrient Cycling Raise Global Ocean pH, Ocean Foresters entry in the Paul G. Allen Ocean Challenge: Mitigating Acidification Impacts.